Until recently, the “technical” capabilities of the doctor were limited to a phonendoscope, acquired experience and intuition. Today, medicine is the realm of modern technology that allows us to penetrate the unknown depths of human flesh – to molecules and atoms, from where, as it turned out, the majority of human ailments originate.
Second breath of antibiotics
Once antibiotics saved millions of lives from the most dangerous infections. But then the unexpected happened. All the blame was the availability of antibiotics, multiplied by their uncontrolled use, which led to the adaptation of infections to their “sworn enemies.”
Today, scientists are busy creating a new generation of antibiotics. One of them is teixobactin , developed by scientists of the Northeastern University of the USA on the basis of a bacterium found in the soil. Her dignity – in a pernicious effect on many types of pathogenic microbes and absolute harmlessness to the body.
“Clever” all-seeing prosthesis
Specialists of the University of Michigan developed a prototype ankle prosthesis with a microprocessor control system, which includes a video camera that scans the space in front and behind. Its main function is to define the surface profile and transmit the video information to the “on-board” computer. He, in turn, carefully analyzing it, will form the optimal angle and stiffness of the ankle, which is characteristic of the “living” leg.
Model of the virtual person
The idea for its creation belongs to the scientists of Nizhny Novgorod State University. The goal of the project is to simulate a virtual human clone with all the smallest “details” that are characteristic of a living organism, but only in a digital form. For this, it was required to use asupercomputer “Lobachevsky” with a capacity of 600 teraflops.
Now it became possible to compile a computer model of almost any person and work out various treatment options on it.
Electronic skin controls the brain
This piece of golden fabric is not more than a postage stamp is actually an elegant electronic wearable device Biostamp . It was created by John Rogers and his fellow scientists from the University of Illinois.
Inside are miniature sensors that track the processes that occur in the body. When placed on the head, the device can track electronic waves preceding various brain disorders, in particular, epilepsy.
An app that predicts disease
Its author is a Russian student Sofya Korenevskaya. The application will warn users about the occurrence of dangerous diseases of the digestive system, heart and nervous system on the basis of biomedical indicators fixed by the installed on the body software and hardware.
Nanobines heal wounds
The term “non-healing wound” is associated with the presence of pathogenic microorganisms resistant to antibiotics. Scientists from the Institute of Strength Physics and Materials Science (Tomsk) have developed nanobints that interact with microorganisms in a completely new way, which negates the possibility of infection and ensures rapid healing of the wound.
Hearing aid connected to the skull
A new generation of hearing aids involves the transmission of sound vibrations through the bones of the skull. The famous British ENT surgeon Ray Jadip has developed a T-OBCD device designed for people with unilateral deafness. With a simple operation, the titanium implant is attached to the bones of the skull behind the ear. Sound transmission is carried out by two magnets.
Instead of a scalpel nanobubbles
As a rule, in the treatment of malignant tumors of the liver, one must resort to surgical intervention. Researchers at the University of Illinois have developed a much more sparing and effective method of dealing with this terrible disease. Instead of a scalpel, the tumor is destroyed by nanobubbles , filled with an anticancer drug. Penetrating into the tumor, they burst at the right time, destroying it from the inside.
Medical technologies – peers of medicine
Healers of the past quickly realized that in order to successfully combat illnesses one must know the anatomy, chemistry, mechanics, that the damaged or lost organ can be replaced by an artificial one, and special instruments are required to perform the operation.
Among the artifacts of antiquity, there are descriptions of bloodletting, trepanation of the skull and other complex operations. In ancient Rome, dentistry was well developed and unique surgical instruments were created for that time.
Prosthesis on the foot of the mummy
At the foot of one of the ancient Egyptian mummies archeologists discovered a magnificent prosthesis of the thumb, and in the tomb of Tutankhamen – the “ancestors” of modern sunglasses.
Dental prostheses of ancient Rome
Never would have emerged and modern pharmacology, do not be healers, herbalists, thousands of years gathering, studying the medicinal properties of plants and created on their basis amazing medicines.